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The present report covers the most important events of Balochistan from Mehr to Isfand 1392

(September 23, 2013 to 22 February 2014). It is a six-monthly report only covering the major

events in the Balochistan region. These information are gathered by the Baloch’s Activists’

Campaign, through field, and also through monitoring other reputable news outlets.

 

BALOCHISTAN
TIMELINE
ABOUT
The Baloch Activists’ Campaign (BAC) was established in 2012 by a group of young, dynamic,
and professional Baloch activists. It is headquartered in UAE. Its activists are based in different
countries and regions including Balochistan, Iran. The BAC initially started its activities with its
website (www.balochcampaign.com). However, later on, it expanded its activities into other
related areas. Within short span of time, BAC has emerged as the most active institution in the
area of advocacy, networking, and dissemination of information related to human rights violations
in Balochistan.
VISION & MISSION
BAC has a broad vision. It envisions a global society free of injustice, discrimination, oppression,
and enmity. Its envisioned world is a world of brotherhood and humanity where the lives of the
people are secure, and their properties, beliefs and cultures are respected. In BAC’s envisioned
world, no one is executed for his or her belief. No is discriminated against on the bases of colour
and ethnic background. No one is imprisoned over peaceful protest. No prisoner is kept in solitude
confinement without trial. Everyone is innocent unless it is proved otherwise.
AIMS & OBJECTIVES
BAC is carrying a heavy mission on its shoulders. It is delightedly working to towards the
establishment of its envisioned world. It working for sensitizing world opinion over the plight of
the Baloch people. It is striving to raise the Baloch issue globally, so that the Baloch voice can
reach to international community. For this purpose BAC is committed to non-violent initiatives
such as advocacy, networking, and research on any socio-politico-economic issue related to the
Baloch and Balochistan.
METHODOLOGY
The present report covers the most important events of Balochistan from Mehr to Isfand 1392
(September 23, 2013 to 22 February 2014). It is a six-monthly report only covering the major
events in the Balochistan region. These information are gathered by the Baloch’s Activists’
Campaign, through field, and also through monitoring other reputable news outlets. Based on the
types of the information gathered, they have been ordered into the following categories. Extra
Judicial Killing, Execution, Political Imprisonment and Harassment, Militarization, Cultural
Assaults, and Socio-Economic Issues.
BALOCH ACTIVISTS’ CAMPAIGN:
A MOVEMENT FOR AWARNESS AND JUSTICE
1604 Spring Hill Road Suite
400, Vienna, Virgina 22102.
Email:balochcampaign@gmail.com
Copyright © 2014, Baloch Activists’
Campaign. All rights reserved
BACKGROUND
Sistan and Balochestan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is located on the southeast
of the country, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan, and its capital is Dozzap (Zahedan). Sistan &
Balochistan is the largest province of Iran, with an area of 181,785 km and a population of nearly
3 million. The counties of the province are Dozzap (Zahedan), Chahbar (Chabahar), Dalgan,
Pahrah (Iranshahr), Konerak (Konarak), Shastoon (Sarawan), Wash (Khash), Geh, (Nikshahr),
Sarabaz, Souran, Nustrat Abad e Sanajarani (Zabol), Zehak, Dost Muhammad (Hirmand).
The majority of Sistan & Balochistan’ population is Baloch. The Baloch have their distinct
culture, history and language. They are also the followers of Sunni sect of Islam. However, there
is a significant minority living in the province. They are called Zabolis or Sistanis. Their language
is Zaboli, which is one of the dialects of Persians. They are also the followers of Shia belief system.
Sistan & Balochistan is the most underdeveloped province of Iran.
EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLING
In the second half of the year 1392, Balochistan witnessed a significant number of extra judicial
killing by the Iranian security agencies. On Mihr 25, the Iranian security forces opened firing on a
fishing boat at Kolahi port, in south Balochistan. As result of the attack, two Baloch sailors were
killed on the spot, while two others sustained injuries. On Aban 1, the Iranian security agencies
assaulted a peaceful gathering in Grok-Sirik, as result of which at least three persons were
reportedly killed. On 24 Azar one young Baloch was killed in Sooran by the Iranian security
forces. On Dey 18, one Baloch namely Khalid Gurgij son of Abdullah was killed by Iranian coastguard
in Rimdan region known as Hoor, Chabahar. On 15 Isfand, one Baloch political prisoner
namely Ali narovi was killed in Uroumiyyeh prison. On Isfand 26, Mir Murad Zehi, the Iranian
parliament member from Sarawan, informed about killing of three Baloch in his constituency.
Meanwhile Movlavi Ahmad Narovee, a prominent Baloch Sunni leader was killed in a suspicious
car accident.
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
Mihr Aban Azar Dey Bahman Isfand
Number of persons extra judicially killed
per month
EXECUTION
In the second half of the year 1392, the systematic executions of Baloch was continued. On Aban
4, sixteen Baloch were executed in Zahedan. According to the prosecutors general of Balochistan,
Muhammad Marziyeh, the execution of the sixteen Baloch prisoners was carried out in retaliation
to the killing of fourteen Iranian border-guards who had been killed a day earlier during a clash
with Jaish-ul Adl (Army of Justice), a Baloch Sunni militant group. On Aban 11, a Baloch women
namely Mitra Shahnavazi was hanged after 11 years imprisonment. She had allegedly killed an
Iranian security personnel in self-defense. On Bahman 18, fifteen Balochi prisoners were executed
in Chabahar. On Isfand 26, four Baloch were executed in Bandar Abbas prison
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Mihr Aban Azar Dey Bahman Isfand
Number persons executed per month
POLITICAL IMPRISONMENT & HARRASSMENT
During the second half of the year 1392, the issue of political imprisonment of harassment of the
Baloch people remained unsolved. On Azar 19 the Baloch political prisoners in Zahedan central
jail protested against insulting Sunni mosques by the Iranian authorities. On Dey 3 heavy sentences
were passed against Molvi Naqshbandi- a prominent Baloch Sunni religious authority- and his
colleagues. On Dey 23, two Baloch youth namely Abdul Wahid Shahbux son of Ghausaddin (22-
year-old) and Mahmoud Shahbux son Dur Muhammad (23-year-old) who had been arrested by the
Iranian Revolutionary Guard some months earlier were sentenced to death by the revolutionary
court. On Bahman 7, the families of two Baloch political prisoners – Abid Bampoouri and Is’haq
Kalkali – were refused by Zahedan central jail authorities to meet their beloved ones. The prisoners
are without a single family visit since last 6 years. On 19 Bahman a prisoner namely Emaduddin
Mullazehi entered into his fifth year solitude confinement. On Bahman 24 the Baloch political
prisoners in Zahedan Central Jail for the second time protested against the insult to their beliefs
and other discriminatory acts by the jail authorities. On Isfand 2, one Sunni clerics’ son namely
Ahmad Nekochi was arrested and put in solitude confinement. On Isfand 10, Molana Abdul Hamid
Ismail Zehi, the leader of Sunni community of Iran, was prohibited to attend the International
Conference of the Islamic World in Saudi Arabia. On Isfand 18, Molvi Muhammd Omar
Mulazahi, a Baloch writer and translator, was summoned to intelligence ministry for interrogation.
On Isfand 20, Molvi Naqshabandi and his lawyer refused to attend the court session.
MILITARIZAION
During the second half of the year 1392, the process of militarization of Balochistan was
intensified. On Aban 25, Sardar Hussain Zulfaghari, the chief commander of the Iranian Frontier
Corp informed that more than 40 percent of the border security budget, in the country’s 2013-2014
public budget has been allocated for the blocking Pakistan-Iran and Afghanistan-Iran border in
Balochistan. On Azar 17 it was reported that Khatam ul Anbiya Construction Company, a
consortium owned by Islamic Revolutionary Guard has been given the contract of constructing
Chabahar-Mash’had rail track project. On Bahman 10, despite local people’s protest, the graveyard
of Kohwan village was converted into a Basij headquarter. On Isfand 11, the border security of
Iran was handed over to the Islamic Revolutionary guard.
CULTURAL ASSAULT
During the second half of the year 1392, the Iranian government continued its cultural assimilation
policies. On Azar 5 the Islamic revolutionary guard dispatched 440 high school girls to visit the
Iraq-Iran war zone. They girl had been selected from the deprived areas of Balochistan province.
The event was part of a cultural indoctrination project entitled Rahiyan e Noor (Marching toward
the light). On Azar 20, Ayatullah Wahid Khurasani, a prominent Shia cleric, called for dispatching
Shia preachers to Balochistan. On Dey 20, the in-charge of Dispatching Shia Preachers to
Balochistan Project, informed that the number of preachers sent to Balochistan had experienced
20 percent increase.
On Bahman 3 it was reported that the government of Iran would sponsor hajj trips for all those
Sunni religious authorities who would sign the government act on restructuring Sunni religious
Madrassahs. The act has been drafted by Iran’s Supreme Council for Cultural Revolution. It aims
at brining all Sunni Madrassahs under government control. On Bahman 8, the Salman brigade of
Islamic Revolutionary Guard announced free trips to Shia holy cities for Sunni residents of
Balochistan. On Isfand 13, the Iranian authorities banned a book, authored by one Sunni writer,
from provincial exhibition. On Isfand 22 it was reported that in the year 1392, 3350 Shia preachers
had been sent to Balochistan for missionary activities.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC ISSUES
During the second half of the year 1392 the issue of underdevelopment of Balochistan witnessed
new statistical realities. On Azar 27 it was reported that Balochistan has the highest rate of
undernourishment in the country. On Dey 6 it was reported that 3,300 villages in Balochistan were
without basic water supply facilities. On Dey 15, Hamid Reza Pashing, a parliamentarian from
Khash constituency, said that the entire province of Balochistan was facing serious shortcomings
in health sector. On Dey 20, the head of Water Supply Company of Balochistan informed that over
502,382 villagers in Balochistan did not have access to clean drinking water. On Dey 21 it was
announced that mothers mortality rate in Balochistan was three time higher than the rest of the
country. On Dey 24 it was announced that 80 villages of Pannouch county of Balochistan did not
have access to the electricity. On Bahman 13 the Statistic Center of Iran announced that
Balochistan had been on the bottom of household income in the year 92. On Bahman 13 it was
announced that 6,000 schools in Balochistan are non-standard.
On On 18 Bahman the CEO of the Organization for Housing, and renovation of Zahedan city said
that Zahedan has the most of the baft e farsoodeh shahri in the country. On Bahman 23, the
governor of Balochistan informed that that more than 4,000 villages did not have access to
telephone. On Bahman 24 it was reported that a newly build hospital in Balochistan was closed
due to shortage of medical staff. On Bahman 27 it was reported that the Balochistan was the only
province in the country which does not have access to gas. On Isfand 2 it was reported that the
number of women affected with HIV in Balochistan doubled in the year 1392. On the same day it
was also reported that over 300,000 persons in Balochistan were illiterate. On Isfand 8, it was
reported that 30 percent livestock in Balochistan had spoiled due to famine. On Isfand 13, it was
reported that 53 villages in Bint district in Nikshahr county were without communication facility.
On Isfand 24 it was reported that 11 percent of Baloch children in Balochistan were deprived of
education. On Bahman 26, Yaqoub Jadgal, a parliament member from Chabahar constituency,
stated that there were many stateless Baloch in his constituency. On Isfand 20 the head of National
Registration Organization informed that Balochistan there were a significant population of
stateless people in Balochistan. On Isfand 27 it was reported that Balochistan had the lowest
divorce rate in the country.

 

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