Constitution / Manifesto

برنامه  و اساسـنامه

برزءِ لینکءَ کلیک کن – به لینک بالا کیک کنید

 

Manifesto and Constitution of Baluchistan National Movement

In the summer of 2009 the fourth Congress of Baluchistan National Movement decided to pursue the independence of Balochistan. The fifth Congress of BNM approved the principals for the independence of Balochistan.

 

Preamble

Balochistan is an inseparable territory which was occupied at several different periods by the Gajar Dynasty, the British Empire and Pakistan. The history of the Baloch struggle is a clear testimony to the fact that Baloch has always been fighting against the occupiers to defend Balochistan’s sovereignty and its independence.

 

At the Bompour Conference on the 1st of December 1869 as well as at the Gwadar Conference from the 9th to 24th April 1871 the Baloch delegates withstood the British pressure and openly expressed their rejection for the division of Balochistan. The Baloch delegates demanded from the unchallenged power of the region, the British to respect the sovereignty and independence of Balochistan.

 

At the time, the British pursued “the Great Game” policy for the fear of the Tsar of Russia reaching the warm waters of the Indian Ocean. Since Baloch sovereignty was not strong, the British divided Balochistan. Hence, the western region of Balochistan was occupied by the Gajar Dynasty, and some part of eastern region of Balochistan was occupied by the British. Following the division and occupation of Balochistan, only the eastern region of Balochistan was able to maintain its independence until 1948.

 

Despite occupation of Balochistan by alien forces, no tangible presence or sovereignty of the Gajar existed in Balochistan for decades to come; and the Baluch ruler Bahram Khan Baranzai, and then his nephew Mir Doust Mohd Khan as the King of Balochistan maintained their sovereignty and the independence of western region of Balochistan until 1928.  The King of Balochistan, Mir Doust Mohd Khan Baranzai fought a war against the Shah of Iran for the sovereignty of Balochistan,.

Mir Doust Mohd Khan Baranzai for his quest to defend independence and sovereignty of Balochistan was executed by the rulers of Iran.

 

With withdraw of the British forces from the sub-continent in 1947; the Baloch nation had the opportunity to remain free and independent. On the 11th August 1947 Mir Yaar Ahmad Khan, the King of Balochistan proclaimed the independence of Balochistan.

 

Geopolitically, Balochistan for having more than one thousand kilometre coast lines has a very important and strategic place. For this precise reason, the British encouraged the newly created state of Pakistan to invade and occupy Balochistan. On the 28th of March 1948 Pakistan occupied Balochistan with brute force.

 

Since then, the Baloch nation and its brave fighters are at a disparity war with occupying forces of Pakistan to regain the lost sovereignty and independence of Balochistan. To this end the oppressive military of Pakistan till 2006 brought upon Balochistan four wars, in 1948, in 1958, in 1962 and in 1973. In 2006 they began to wage a new war with a wave of invasions and bombardments of Balochistan. It is continuously being waged against the Baloch to date, 2010.

 

The struggle of the Baloch fighters in the western region of Balochistan was continued unabated in different shapes and forms against the occupation of Balochistan after the execution of the King of Balochistan Mir Doust Mohd Khan Baranzai by Iran. The formation  of Balochistan Liberation Front in 1964 and also the announcement for the formation  of Balochistan National Movement (Zrombesh) by Rahim Zardkohee in association with his fellow fighters in 1971(year 1350 Iranian calendar) are the apparent features of ongoing struggle by the fighters of Baloch nation against the occupation of Balochistan.

Rahim Zardkohee the founder of Balochistan National Movement was killed during a battle with the Pasdaran(a brutal and oppressive force) of Islamic regime of Iran in Pahra(Iranshahr) on 5th Dey 1360 of Iranian calendar (26th December 1981).

 

In 1983 a number of Baloch intellectual activists joined Balochistan National Movement to further the Baloch national struggle. Subsequently the first programme for autonomy of Balochistan, and the Constitution of Balochistan National Movement were approved by the leadership and published.

 

With the rise of Baloch national movement in the recent past years, the Baloch nation is becoming far more aware of its rights; and is more determined to fight for an end to the occupation of Balochistan.

 

The bitter experience from the occupation of Balochistan is making the Baloch nation vulnerable with the danger of assimilation and of losing its identity. The Baloch nation has learned the fact that only an independent Balochistan will be the sole securer and protector of its identity.

 

Right now in Balochistan the cultural invasion and deprivation of national identity of the Baloch nation is vigorously being perused by the occupying regime of Iran with disproportionate migration into Balochistan and other methods. Therefore the Baloch nation in his ancestral land is faced with the terrifying fear of losing its identity from the Iranian occupiers.

 

In 2009 the fourth Congress of the Balochistan National Movement with a clear mandate approved the policy for independence of Balochistan, so the Baloch nation shall regains Balochistan’s independence in order to have its identity secured and protected.

 

Perhaps the struggle for regaining Balochistan’s independence is onerous and long, yet Balochistan has all the criteria for an independent state. Balochistan is in direct connection with the World through its vast open sea with long shores. In addition Balochistan is enormously resourceful with abundant oil, gas, copper and many other precious minerals; which make an independent Balochistan economically a viable state. The World politics is currently going through some rapid transformations. In the past two decades, even in the heart of the Europe where there is respect for human rights and other political and civil rights, some nations have risen to gain their independence and many had done so. With the current rise of Baloch national and liberation movement, creation of a broad political unity for the independence of Balochistan followed by establishment of a free and independent Balochistan is in the prospect.

 

 

 

Manifesto

 

Baluchistan National Movement (Zrombesh) is a political party which endeavours to further the Baloch national movement. The Baluchistan National Movement recognises the Baloch as a nation of which its ancestral land is under occupation. Therefore the national movement of Balochistan is a liberation movement against occupation; and for the independence of Balochistan. In this liberation movement, the Baloch nation has the right to defend its national identity; to regain the Baloch national sovereignty and the independence of its territory.

 

Baluchistan National Movement, in principal recognises Balochistan as one integrated territory. Since the western region of Balochistan is under Iranian occupation; and due to existing geo-politics and for the fact that the Baloch nation’s liberation movement in different regions of divided Balochistan has been shaped in varying forms, and for the reason that Zrombesh initiated its struggle in the western region of Balochistan and  also for the reason of regional geo-politics and practical politics, our struggle for independence of Balochistan shall focus in western region of Balochistan against the Iranian occupation. The liberation movement by the Baluchistan National Movement in the western region of Balochistan shall be in concert with the overall Baloch liberation movement to regain independence of Balochistan.

 

 

Basis for the policy of Balochistan’s independence

 

In the summer 2009, the fourth Congress of the Balochistan National Movement with a clear mandate approved the policy for independence of Balochistan. In 2010 the fifth Congress approved the followings as the Basis for the policy of Balochistan’s independence:

  • Baloch is a historical nation, and it is a natural right of the Baloch to live freely under its own national sovereignty
  • Balochistan not long ago had its independence; which the aliens with their brute force and mighty military powers took away from the Baloch nation
  • Only an independent Balochistan shall be able to secure the Baloch identity
  • The identity of the Baloch nation is under imminent threat of assimilation within Iran. The threat of assimilation for the Baloch will remain even in a democratic Iran
  • Baloch has its own separate identity
  • Until and then the Iranian occupation over the western region of Balochistan continues, the Baloch issue with its problems shall remain unsolved, though their severity may fluctuate with change of regimes or governance in Iran
  • Within Iran, the relation between Iran and The Baloch and Balochistan remain as the relation between the oppressor and the oppressed
  • Balochistan itself could be an economically powerful independent state with sufficient welfare
  • Balochistan National Movement by pursuing the policy of independence for Balochistan shall endeavour to raise self-confidence among all walk of life the Baloch society; and to protect the identity of the Baloch. In accordance to these undertakings it endeavours to convince Baloch activists and Baloch political parties to embrace the principal of independent Balochistan. Balochistan National Movement shall recognise the task of preparing the international polity to be open to the question of Balochistan independence as its duty; and shall act upon it.

 

 

 

 

Policy plans for Independence

 

To regain independence of Balochistan, it is imperative upon the Baloch political parties and activists to pursue a relentless and extensive movement. The present defcto politics of the World and the region are as such that the independence of Balochistan is considered by Baluchistan National Movement as transitional. Hence Baluchistan National Movement supports any efforts for a fundamental and meaningful change to achieve democracy, the process for the recognition of the rights of the oppressed nations, and establishing a democratic system in Iran.

Upon establishing a democratic system in Iran, Baluchistan National Movement shall utilise all political tools and leverages to regain Balochistan’s independence. In case of continued violation of Baloch national rights, the Baloch nation has the right of defence. At the international polity, Baluchistan National Movement shall promote the policy of independent Balochistan and shall make the world public aware and receptive of it.

 

 

 

System of Governance in Balochistan

 

The independent and sovereign Balochistan shall claim its legitimacy and sovereignty through the free will of the majority of the people of the Balochistan. The political platform of the Baluchistan National Movement to gain a majority vote of the people of Balochistan is as follows:

  1. Balochistan shall be a democratic and decentralised republic
  2. National assembly of Balochistan which shall be elected by free votes, shall be the absolute sovereign legislator
  3. The system of governance shall be parliamentarian
  4. The judiciary shall be independent
  5. Balochistan’s Armed forces shall be established to protect borders and to maintain Balochistan’s national security
  6. Balochi shall be the official language
  7. A market economy shall be pursued
  8. A friendly foreign policy in accordance with national interest of Balochistan shall be pursued
  9. The UN Charter along with other international conventions and principals shall be respected and implemented
  10. Democracy and transparency shall be the basis of work in governmental departments and their subsidiaries
  11. Equality of men and women shall be implemented
  12. Freedom of religion followed by an end to all discriminative practices against religion shall be implemented
  13. Freedom of speech, expression and thought shall be implemented
  14. Censorship, scrutiny of thought and torture shall be prohibited
  15. The human rights of all inhabitants of Balochistan shall be protected
  16. Freedom for political activities and right of establishing a political party or association and society based on political pluralism shall be implemented
  17. Right of assembly, demonstration, strike and sit-in in a peaceful manner shall be provided for
  18. Right of ethnic minorities to education in their mother tongue and to have freedom to practice cultural and religious events and ceremonies shall be provided for
  19. Scientific academy to further Balochi language and culture and also to carry scientific research on Baloch and Balochistan’s history shall be founded
  20. Plans to create job opportunities, Provision of a standard education, Provision of a standard health, Provision of housing, Provision of water and electricity, Provision of economical infrastructures such as roads and other means of communications(of sea, land, air and telecommunications) shall be implemented
  21. Economic mega projects such as exploration of natural resources; expansion of agriculture, fisheries and transportation shall be implemented.

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUTION OF THE ORGANIZATION

(BALUCHISTAN -e- RAJI ZROMBESH)

 

Section I = Name and Identity

 

Article 1: Name

The name of the Organization is “Balochistan National Movement” (Balochistan -e- Raji Zrombesh).

 

Article 2: Identity

BNM is a national-democratic organization which strives to struggle for independence of Balochistan, against occupation and for protection of Baloch nation’s interests.

 

Section II = Fundamental Aims

Balochistan National Movement as a political party shall pursue the followings:

  1. Protection of Baloch national identity
  2. Regain of Balochistan independence and full sovereignty of the Baloch nation
  3. Protection of human rights
  4. Establishment of democracy
  5. Provision of social welfare

 

Section III = Membership

 

Article 3: Requirements for Membership

All inhabitants of Balochistan and all Baloch are eligible to become members provided that one:

  1. Is at least Eighteen (18) years of age
  2. Accepts the constitution and the overall agenda of the organization
  3. Is not a member of any other political organization or party
  4. Firmly believes in the national-democratic movement
  5. Is introduced and seconded by at least two existing members of the organization, and has been approved by one of the constituents.

 

Article 4: Responsibilities of Members

  1. To respect the programs and decisions made by the organization and implement them in general
  2. To actively propagate and publicize the programs devised by the organization
  3. To withhold  classified informations of the organization
  4. To enhance his/her political knowledge constantly
  5. To pay membership fees.

 

Article 5: The Rights of Members

  1. The right to elect or be elected to any level within the organization
  2. Members are free to have any doctrine or ideology they wish to have
  3. The right to criticize any constituent of the organization or complain against any constituent to a higher body
  4. The right to express his/her opinion or to render his/her proposals to any constituents of the organization
  5. The right to publicly propagate his/her opinion.

 

Article 6: Prohibited Activities

  1. Avoiding responsibility, and disrespecting the constitution
  2. Disclosing  classified informations of the organization
  3. Subversion and disruption of the organization’s functions
  4. Misuse of his/her organizational position or powers.

 

Article 7: Disciplinary Actions

The disciplinary action procedure for indulging in any prohibited activity is as follows:

  1. Verbal notice
  2. Written notice
  3. Discharge of organizational duties
  4. Suspension.

Maximum period of suspension is one year in ordinary circumstances

  1. Expulsion

The disciplined member has the right to request for a review from higher bodies in the organization or submit the request to the Congress for final consideration.

 

Section IV = Structure of the Organization

 

Article 8:

The foundation of the Balochistan -e- Raji Zrombesh (Baluchistan National Movement) is based upon free and democratic methods of electing the leading organizational authorities from bottom up. Organizational interest is superior to that of the individual, and majority interest shall prevail.

 

Lower constituents should follow the decisions reached by higher constituents in the organization. The principle of reporting from bottom up and vice-versa shall be an important rule of practice.

 

Note: Any person or a minority group with due respect to the majority’s decision has the right to propagate one’s ideas and standpoints.

 

Article 9: The Congress of the Organization

  1. The Congress is the supreme organizational authority
  2. The members of the Central Committee, advisors and representatives from various constituents of the organization shall convene the Congress once every two years
  3. In extraordinary situations, a majority (50% + 1) of the Central Committee’s members can call for the congress to be convened at any time
  4. Two third of the members can also call for the congress to be convened at any time
  5. The Congress can only be legally convened if majorities (50% + 1) of the eligible participants are present
  6. The responsibility and power of the Congress is to assess the performance of the Organization as well as that of the Central Committee; to define overall strategy and operational policies, to debate the program amendment or change to the constitution, and also to elect a new Central Committee
  7. Mechanism of convening the Congress:

The agenda for the congress will be outlined by the Central Committee at the onset to be debated and approved. The agenda can be accepted by a majority vote (50% + 1). Immediately, thereafter there shall be election for the formation of a committee with the task of organizing and supervising the progress of the Congress. The outstanding Central Committee will be dissolved, and the responsibilities shall rest upon the newly-formed “supervisory Committee” until the new Central Committee is formed

  1. The decisions of the congress will be approved by majority vote (50% +1).

 

 

Article 10: Conference of the Organization

  1. Requirements for convening the Conference:

If it is not possible to convene the Congress and the Central Committee is unable to make important decisions under the circumstances

  1. A majority of the central committee members along with advisers plus a third of the representative from constituents can convene the conference
  2. The Conference has the same authority as to that of the Congress
  3. The mechanism of convening the conference and the procedures are exactly the same as of those of the Congress.

 

Article 11: Central Committee

The Central Committee is the highest authority during the period between the sittings of two congresses, and shall be responsible for implementation of policies and decisions reached by the preceding congress. The responsibilities and authority of the Central Committee are as such:

  1. To elect its First Person in Charge, and other members for various central positions in the organization

The First Person in Charge is the highest leadership-bearer, and is accountable to the Central Committee and higher bodies

  1. The First Person in Charge is responsible for the coordination and the work of the Central Committee, as well as overall supervision of the organization and staging of the Plenum
  2. The central authorities in charge of various positions are duty-bound to execute the decisions of the Central Committee during the period between two sessions of the Central Committee. They are also accountable to the First Person in Charge and the higher bodies
  3. Central Committee is responsible for public relations and communication with other parties, organizations and institutions
  4. The Central Committee is responsible for the Budget.

 

Article 12: Plenum

  1. Sessions of the Central Committee are called Plenum
  2. The Central Committee shall have at lease one session every six (6) months. The sessions become officially binding if there are at least two third of its members present
  3. Extraordinary Plenum

One third of the Central Committee members can call for an extraordinary plenum to be held. The extraordinary plenum shall be officially binding if there are more than half (50% +1) of its members present.

 

Section V = Financial Affairs

Article 13:

The funds of the organization shall be acquired through receiving membership fees, collecting financial support from members, supporters and voluntary people.

The organization can, for the purpose of improving its financial position, make capital investment.

 

((End.))

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